uring the attack on Saint Anne the soldiers under the command of Moses Hazen murdered over half a dozen women and children and then set fire to the one hundred and fifty houses, barns, stables and other buildings within the town. The murders and conflagration are described in An Outline of the History of Central New Brunswick to the Time of Confederation, written by L. M. B. Maxwell.1

Sadly, they did not count upon the unpitying manhunt launched by the Halifax authorities who had a goal to capture and imprison all those who escaped the Deportation ... The fall of Louisbourg did not complete the dispersal of the bands of Acadians who roamed the woods or had settlements throughout Nova Scotia, which then included New Brunswick. Several mopping-up operations were consequently conducted ... McCurdy's [unit] remained to man Fort Fredric and to carry out further raids ...(from Fredrica Givan, Rootsweb)

19 February Captain McCurdy and his Rangers set out from Fort Frederick on snow-shoes. When the troops camped for the first night they chose a site at Kingston Creek, not far from the Belleisle River. They camped on a very steep hill, practically a mountain. One of the men cut down a large birch tree for fuel but made a mistake in felling the tree. It rolled wildly down the steep mountainside. Captain McCurdy was crushed by the tree and killed instantly. His lieutenant, Moses Hazen, took over command of the company. Soon afterwards Hazen's Rangers made it up the river to Ste. Anne's Point, where they found a considerable town. The Rangers struck with a vengeance...”2

Monseigneur F.J. Melanson (Genealogies of the Families of Chezzetcook) wrote of the Godin-Bellefontaine family, “[W]hen Colonel Monckton sent a surprise expeditionary force, under the heartless officer Moses Hazen, in the winter of 1758-59, many of the helpless fugitives, including the Bellefontaines, were either slaughtered on the spot or brought eventually as prisoners to Halifax.”3

Later, outside of official circles, Hazen's soldiers did not even try to keep the truth a secret. Reverend Jacob Bailey noted in his journal, that while spending the night at Norwood's Inn in Lynn (Massachusetts) during December 1759: 'We had among us a soldier belonging to Captain Hazen's company of Rangers, who declared that several Frenchmen were barbarously murdered by them, after quarters were given, and the villain added, I suppose to show his importance, that he split the head of one asunder, after he fell on his knees to implore mercy.'”4

I gave a commission of Captain to Lieut. Hazen as I thought he deserved it. I am sorry to say what I have since heard of that affair has sullied his merit with me as I shall always disapprove of killing women and helpless children ...Letter from General Jeffrey Amherst to Nova Scotia Governor Charles Lawrence, 29 May 1759.


Acadiens at Cherbourg in 17675

List of the names of the members of honourable Acadien families of military officers who are currently living in Cherbourg. The Sieur Joseph [Godin] Bellefontaine [Sieur de] Beauséjour of the Saint John River, son of Gabriel (officer aboard the king`s vessels in Canada (in Acadie) and of Angélique-Roberte Jeanna), was major of all the Saint John River Militia by order of Monsieur de la Galissonnière, from the 10 April 1749 and always was in these functions during the said war until he was captured by the enemy, and he owns several leagues of land, where he had the grief to have seen the massacre of one of his daughters and her three children by the English, who wanted, out of cruelty and fear to force him to take their part ... he only escaped such a fate by his flight into the woods, carrying with him two other children of the daughter. Aged 71 years.

Acadian historian Monseigneur Clarence d'Entremont wrote briefly regarding the church at Saint Anne,

There has been another [church] bell on the St. John River, the bell of St. Anne's Point, in Fredericton. The first time that it is mentioned is when this Acadian village was ransacked on the last day of February, 1759, by the infamous lieutenant Moses Hazen … It is fortunate that the melted metal of the Bell of St. Anne's Point 'large Masshouse', which Masshouse was reduced to ashes, was never found, so that the memory of one of the most hideous manslaughters at the time of the Expulsion might stay hidden with it in the ground forever.”

According to authors Sally Ross and Alphonse Deveau (The Acadians of Nova Scotia: Past and Present), “Several hundred Acadians were brought to Halifax as prisoners between 1758 and 1762 … a certain number of these former prisoners made their way across Halifax Harbor to Chezzetcook … Family names … which can be traced to these former prisoners are Boudreau, Bellefontaine, Lapierre, and Wolfe.” Several members of the Bellefontaine family subsequently settled in Chezzetcook where the home Joseph Bellefontaine built still stands, called Acadian House and which is part of an Acadian heritage site called Place Bellefontaine.


Acadian House

“ The first record of an Acadian living [in what is now metro Halifax] names Claude Petitpas. Born at Port-Royal in 1663, he was the third child of Claude and Catherine Bugaret. His father was Claude Petitpas, Sieur de Lafleur and was born in France in 1626, arriving in Acadia circa 1640. Claude senior was appointed Notary of the Tribunal at Port-Royal. Claude junior married about 1686 to Marie-Thérèse Amérindienne who was a Mik'maq woman. They moved to Mouskoudabouet and by 1706 they had raised seven children [and when the family relocated, one of his offspring's] daughter Marie-Henriette remained in Chezzetcook … she was married to Alexandre Bellefontaine.” (Copyright Lucie LeBlanc, Acadian & French Canadian Ancestry)

Monseigneur F. J. Melanson cites an Alexandre as being among the first of the Bellefontaines to resettle Chezzetcook after the campaign of war against Acadia. Likewise, it is from Alexandre that many of the Bellefontaines of modern Halifax descend (through intermarriage) from the very first Acadian settler in what is now the Halifax region, namely Claude Petitpas and through whom many of the Bellefontaines of Halifax derive their 'Indian' ancestry, by way of Marie-Thérèse Amérindian.

1 An Outline of the History of Central New Brunswick to the Time of Confederation, L. M. B. Maxwell; and image copyright the University of Moncton. Note that Maxwell mistakenly wrote the date 1729 rather than 1749 in relation to the date that Joseph Godin Bellefontaine, Sieur de Beausejour, was appointed major of the militia by the Marquis de la Galissionniere.

2 http://www.acadian.org/bergeron.html.

3 Genealogies of the Families of Chezzetcook, Monseigneur F.J. Melanson.

4 http://www.acadian.org/bergeron.html.

5 Image copyright the University of Moncton.